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Baylor Health Care System offers expertise and advanced treatment options for all types of cancer. Through our network of hospitals and Baylor Charles A. Sammons Cancer Centers, you have access to care across the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.
Blood and lymphoma cancers or hematologic malignancies include leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. These cancers affect the lymph nodes, blood cells and organs of the immune system.
Cancer can develop within the brain or spinal cord or can travel to the brain or spinal cord from another part of the body.
Digestive or gastrointestinal cancers affect the digestive system and are among the most common forms of cancer.
Head and neck cancer affects the mouth, throat, sinuses, nasal cavity, larynx and salivary glands.
Skin cancer is a serious disease that can affect anyone. It is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. If caught early, skin cancer can often be treated with success. But in some cases, it is life-threatening. To play it safe, talk with your healthcare provider about doing monthly skin checkups. If you see any changes in your skin, contact your doctor right away.
Basal cell cancer is the most common skin cancer. Areas of cancer (lesions) often appear on the face, ears, neck, trunk, or arms. Varying in color, these lesions may be waxy, pearly, scaly, or scarlike. Tiny blood vessels may be seen through the lesion’s surface. These lesions sometime bleed easily and might not heal well.
Melanoma is less common, but much more dangerous type of skin cancer. This is because it is more likely to grow and spread than basal or squamous cell cancers.. It is often not easy to tell where a melanoma lesion’s borders are. It is often brown or black, but it may be mixed in color. The shape and size of melanoma lesions tend to differ from one side to the other.
Squamous cell cancer is also a common type of skin cancer. Lesions often form on the face, ears, neck, hands, or arms. The lesions are firm, red bumps or flat, scaly, crusty growths.
Bowen’s disease is an early stage of squamous cell cancer. The lesions are usually red, crusty, scaly growths with well-defined borders.
There are other types of skin cancer as well. These include Merkel cell cancer and skin (cutaneous) lymphomas, but these cancers are rare.
Actinic keratosis is not skin cancer. It is a common, precancerous skin change that can turn into a squamous cell skin cancer if left untreated over a long period of time. Actinic keratosis lesions tend to appear on sun-exposed parts of the body. They can be pink, reddish-brown, or skin-colored. These lesions are most often raised, scaly, and rough, like sandpaper. In some cases, actinic keratosis lesions are painful. Getting early treatment for actinic keratoses almost always cures the lesions.
Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Although this type of cancer can be treatable, the number of melanoma cases is on the rise in the United States
Usually caused by cancers that have spread throughout the body, bone and soft tissue cancers are complex and require expertise from many types of specialists available through our Complex Joints & Musculoskeletal Tumors
Having breast cancer means that some cells in your breast have changed and are growing out of control. Learning about the different types and stages of breast cancer can help you take an active role in your treatment.
Your entire body is made of living tissue. This tissue is made up of tiny cells. You can't see these cells with the naked eye. Normal cells reproduce (divide) in a controlled way. They grow when your body needs them, and die when your body does not need them any longer. When you have cancer, some cells become abnormal. These cells may divide quickly, don't die when they should, and spread into other parts of the body.
Normal breast tissue is made of healthy cells. They reproduce new cells that look and work the same.
Noninvasive breast cancer(carcinoma in situ) happens when cancer cells are only in the ducts.
Invasive breast cancer happens when cancer cells move out of the ducts or lobules into the surrounding breast tissue.
Metastasis happens when cancer cells move into the lymph nodes or bloodstream and travel to another part of the body.
Several tests are used to measure the size of a tumor and learn how far it has spread. This is called staging. The stage of your cancer will help determine your treatment. Based on National Cancer Institute guidelines, the stages of breast cancer are:
Stage 0. The cancer is noninvasive. Cancer cells are found only in the ducts (ductal carcinoma in situ).
Stage I. The tumor is 2 cm (about 3/4 of an inch) or less in diameter. It has invaded the surrounding breast tissue, and tiny amounts of cancer cells may be found in the underarm lymph nodes.
Stage II. The tumor is larger than 2 cm and has not spread to lymph nodes, or the cancer is less than 5 cm across and has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm.
Stage III. The tumor is less than 5 cm (2 inches) across, and there's a lot of cancer in your underarm lymph nodes, or it has spread to other lymph nodes. Or the tumor is larger than 5 cm and has spread to lymph nodes. Or the tumor is any size and has spread to the skin, chest wall, and maybe to nearby lymph nodes.
Stage IV. The tumor has spread beyond the breast to the bones, lungs, liver, brain, or lymph nodes far away from the breast.
Recurrent breast cancer. When the cancer returns after treatment.
Breast cancer begins in breast tissues. There are two main types of breast cancer, ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma.
Gynecologic cancers can include endometrial, ovarian and cervical among others. Some of these cancers are difficult to detect.
There are two types of lung cancer, small cell and non-small cell. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer.
Urologic cancers can occur in any organ of the urologic system, including the kidneys, testicles and prostate. Each type of cancer has different symptoms and treatments.
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