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Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas

Baylor Medical Center at Dallas Neurology  
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Cognitive Disorders 

Confusion, memory loss or a loss of alertness may be the first symptom of a serious illness, particularly in older adults. While Alzheimer’s disease is a possibility, there are more than 100 types of disorders that can cause dementia.

Early, complete evaluation is important because many conditions are treatable. Nutritional deficiencies, adverse reactions to prescription or over-the-counter medications, or even depression can mimic the symptoms of dementia. Conditions such as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and strokes can cause memory loss. Other causes of cognitive disorders include head injury, exposure to heat or cold, seizure (convulsion), alcohol or drug use, and fever.

Physicians on the medical staff at Baylor University Medical Center's Neuroscience Center provide comprehensive evaluation and management for patients experiencing cognitive disorders. A monthly multidisciplinary conference enables discussions among neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists and neuropsychologists, as well as an allied health care team of nurse practitioners and social workers. Discussions include monitoring and tracking the mini-mental state (MMSE) and activity-of-daily-living (ADL) scales.

The medical team works with the patient and family members/caregivers in partnership with the primary care physician to reach goals of care.