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Neuroscience

Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas

 
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Movement Disorders Center 

The Baylor Neuroscience Center Movement Disorders Center provides full evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with movement disorders.

Approximately six million people in the United States experience some form of movement disorder.  The center sees a broad range of movement disorders including:

  • Tremor
  • Parkinson's disease and other parkinsonian syndromes
  • Tics and Tourette's Syndrome
  • Chorea and Huntington's Disease
  • Dystonia
  • Myoclonus (jerks)
  • Ataxia
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Tardive Dyskinesias

Approximately 1.5 million people in the United States are afflicted with Parkinson’s disease.Movement disorders are primarily caused by a dysfunction of the basal ganglia system, a collection of nuclei in the brain that work together to control movements. Dysfunction in movements (motor symptoms) could be classified into two: HYPERkinetic (increased or excessive) or HYPOkinetic (decreased or lack of) movements.

There is growing evidence, however, that the basal ganglia system involves other neural connections that regulate nonmovement (nonmotor) functions, resulting in symptoms such as mood disturbance, cognitive impairment, sleep problems, and loss of smell.
 
Advanced Options for Complex Problems

The Center is led by a movement disorders specialist (a neurologist who received specialized training in movement disorders); and, believes in a multidisciplinary approach to the management of these complex neurological diseases.

Diagnosis

The most common movement disorder is Essential Tremor, followed by Parkinson’s disease. The diagnosis of these diseases is still based on the history and clinical examination, but could include:

  • Radiological procedures, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), to rule out stroke, tumor, or other reversible causes, especially if the clinical examination showed atypical signs.
  • The Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)-DaTScan to distinguish between Essential Tremor and parkinsonian syndromes.
  • Electromyography (EMG)/Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) test if there is suspicion of nerve damage or other muscle disease.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation, genetic testing and other blood or urinary tests for less common movement disorders.

Treatment

Depending on the movement disorder, recommended treatment procedures to address the symptoms may include:

  • Supportive therapy
  • Drug therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Surgery - Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) therapy
  • Botulinum toxin injections
  • Exercise
Baylor Health Care System has several rehabilitation facilities in the Dallas-Fort Worth area that specialize in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. The center will work with the patient to find a facility close to home.

Learn More About Treatment Options

Support for Patients and Families

These debilitating disorders can profoundly affect the lifestyle and emotional health of both patients and families. The Movement Disorders Center provides several resources to help the patients and their families adapt and adjust to the physical and emotional demands of the disease::

  • Monthly question and answer sessions to address various topics in Parkinson’s disease
  • Websites on disease awareness and education
  • Local community organizations to help with the symptoms
  • Local support groups
  • Pastoral care

Results Driven Research

The Movement Disorders Center will be conducting clinical research trials.
The goal of all research studies is to develop effective treatments to manage movement disorders.