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The Department of Surgery at Baylor continues to play an active role in many ongoing clinical research studies. Through the collaboration of attending physicians, residents and research staff, as well as the participation of other departments and facilities, researchers in the Department of Surgery have continued to develop studies and enroll patients in clinical trials that will benefit future patient care.
Funding from the National Cancer Institute, the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group and local funding from the Seeger Funds has allowed the continued advancement of many clinical oncology studies. In the field of breast cancer, there are four ongoing prospective trials studying new technologies such as the sentinel lymph node biopsy and outcomes specifically in women with early breast cancer. Two of these studies are part of multi-center national studies.
A recently completed prospective study demonstrated a significant benefit in using a new type of central infusion catheter, resulting in fewer catheter-related problems and malfunctions. Active enrollment continues in a surveillance colorectal study looking at this cancer in patients under age 50. A prospective study is also investigating new treatment techniques for squamous cell carcinoma and Baylor researchers continue to participate in the multi-center Sunbelt Melanoma study.
Baylor researchers are working and publishing in other areas including in the field of bariatric surgery. There are also large patient cohorts in many new areas such as capsule endoscopy studies, thermal ablation of hepatic tumors and endoscopically drained pancreatic pseudocysts. Collection of information through databases and registries will allow publication of outcomes on these patients and others to continue Baylor's commitment as a facilitator for the advancement of clinical research.
Fractures of the orbital bones are some of the most common facial fractures encountered in clinical practice. However, no study has looked at how soon after fracture repair patients can return to normal activities. In a Baylor research study, surgeons sought to answer this question.
Results from animal studies show physicians can conclusively tell patients they can return to normal activities three weeks after undergoing orbital fracture repair. The study also showed that silastic silicone sheeting should not be used in the repair of orbital fractures. The study also analyzed the biophysical properties of orbital fractures to further characterize the energy required and mechanism of orbital fractures.
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